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Lactose intolerance and cow's milk protein allergy are two common reasons for avoiding dairy foods.
The most common type of lactose intolerance is primary lactose intolerance, which affects approximately 70% of the world’s population (1). Additionally, cow's milk protein allergy is reported in approximately 2-5% of children, making it one of the most common allergies seen in infants and children (2,3,4).
1. Heyman MB (2006). Lactose Intolerance in Infants, Children and Adolescents. Pediatrics;118:1279-1286.
2. Luyt D, et al (2014). BSACI guideline for the diagnosis and management of cow’s milk allergy. Clinical & Experimental Allergy;44:642–672. http://www.bsaci.org/Guidelines/milk-allergy
3. Meyer R (2013). Cows’ Milk Protein Allergy in Infants & Paediatrics. Complete Nutrition;13(2): 12-14.
4. Venter C, et al (2017). Better recognition, diagnosis and management of non‑IgE‑mediated cow’s milk allergy in infancy: iMAP - an international interpretation of the MAP (Milk Allergy in Primary Care) guideline. Clin Transl Allergy;7:26. https://ctajournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13601-017-0162-y